Career Path Forecast
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics,
employment of psychologists is expected to grow 12 percent from 2008 to
2018, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment will
grow because of increased demand for psychological services in schools,
hospitals, social service agencies, mental health centers, substance
abuse treatment clinics, consulting firms, and private companies.
Demand for school
psychologists will be driven by a growing awareness of how students'
mental health and behavioral problems, such as bullying, affect
learning. School psychologists will also be needed for general student
counseling on a variety of other issues, including working with students
with disabilities or with special needs, tackling drug abuse, and
consulting and managing personal crisis.
Spurring demand for
clinical psychologists will continue to be the rising healthcare costs
associated with unhealthy lifestyles, such as smoking, alcoholism, and
obesity, which have made prevention and treatment more critical. An
increase in the number of employee assistance programs, which help
workers deal with personal problems, also should lead to employment
growth for clinical and counseling specialties. More clinical and
counseling psychologists will be needed to help people deal with
depression and other mental disorders, marriage and family problems, job
stress, and addiction. The growing number of elderly will increase the
demand for psychologists trained in geropsychology to help people deal
with the mental and physical changes that occur as individuals grow
older. There also will be increased need for psychologists to work with
Industrial-organizational psychologists also will be in demand to help
to boost worker productivity and retention rates in a wide range of
businesses. Industrial-organizational psychologists will help companies
deal with issues such as workplace diversity and antidiscrimination
policies. Companies also will use psychologists' expertise in survey
design, analysis, and research to develop tools for marketing evaluation
and statistical analysis.
prospects should be best for people who have a doctoral degree from a
leading university in an applied specialty, such as counseling or
health, and those with a specialist or doctoral degree in school
psychology. Psychologists with extensive training in quantitative
research methods and computer science may have a competitive edge over
applicants without such background.
holders in fields other than industrial-organizational psychology will
face keen competition for jobs because of the limited number of
positions that require only a master's degree. Master's degree holders
may find jobs as psychological assistants or counselors, providing
mental health services under the direct supervision of a licensed
psychologist. Still, others may find jobs involving research and data
collection and analysis in universities, government, or private
related to psychology will be limited for bachelor's degree holders.
Some may find jobs as assistants in rehabilitation centers or in other
jobs involving data collection and analysis. Those who meet State
certification requirements may become high school psychology teachers.
Note: Some resources in this section are provided by the US Department
of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.